1623 - Anne Hathaway died at the age of 67. She outlived her husband, William Shakespeare, by six years.
1809 - Poet Lord Alfred Tennyson was born in the Lincolnshire village of Somersby.
1881 - Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming was born. In 1928, he discovered the antibiotic substance penicillin, for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945, with Howard Florey and Ernst Boris Chain
1889 - London’s Savoy Hotel opened.
1890 - Murderer William Kemmler became the first person to be executed in the electric chair, at Auburn Prison in New York.
1926 - American swimmer Gertrude Ederle became the first woman to swim the English Channel. She took 14 hours and 34 minutes. The current one-way record for fastest lady, England to France, is 7 hours and 40 minutes, set by Penny Lee Dean in 1978.
1932 - The first Venice Film Festival opened.
1945 - The world’s first atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, by an American Boeing B29 bomber. Around 70,000 people were killed instantly, and some tens of thousands die in subsequent years from burns and radiation poisoning.
1962 - Jamaica was declared independent, after 300 years as a British colony.
1965 - The Beatles album ‘Help’ was released.
1971 - Chay Blyth completed the first solo round-the-world sail against prevailing winds in 292 days.
1978 - Pope Paul VI died of a heart attack, aged 80, at his summer residence.
1987 - Dr David Owen resigned as leader of the SDP, when they voted to merge with the Liberals.
1995 - Sunday licensing laws in England and Wales were relaxed.
2005 - Former Foreign secretary Robin Cook died while out hill walking in Scotland with his wife.
2011 - A march in protest of the death of Mark Duggan in Tottenham, London, ended in a riot, sparking four nights of rioting across the country.