What happened this week in history

David Essex celebrates his 67th birthday on July 16 EMN-140715-140237001
David Essex celebrates his 67th birthday on July 16 EMN-140715-140237001

1903 - The Model A Car went on sale, the first car sold by the Ford Motor Company.

1913 - Michael Foot, leader of the Labour Party from November 1980 to October 1983, was born in Plymouth.

1925 - Sigmund Freud became the chairman of the International Psychoanalytical Foundation.

1929 - The Fascist government in Italy banned the use of foreign words.

1940 - Winston Churchill renamed the Local Defence Volunteers; they became the Home Guard.

1942 - The Treblinka extermination camp opened. It is estimated somewhere between 800,000 and 1,200,000 Jews died in its gas chambers, along with 2,000 Romani people.

1947 - Singer David Essex was born David Alfred Cook in Plaistow, East London.

1952 - General Muhammad Naguib led the Free Officers Movement in overthrowing King Farouk of Egypt.

1958 - The first four women were named to peerage in the House of Lords.

1962 - Telstar relayed the first publicly transmitted, live trans-Atlantic television program, featuring Walter Cronkite.

1966 - Prime MInister Harold Wilson reopened Liverpool’s Cavern Club.

1974 - The Greek military junta collapsed and former Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis was invited to lead the new government.

1980 - Cliff Richard received an OBE from the Queen.

1986 - Prince Andrew married Lady Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey.

1989 - Daniel Radcliffe, famous for playing Harry Potter, was born in Fulham, London.

1995 -Britain sent 1,200 troops to relieve the besieged Bosnian capital, Sarajevo.

1997 - Graham Gooch retired from cricket.

2000 - Tiger Woods became the youngest ever golfer to win the Grand Slam, when he took the Open at St Andrew’s at the age of 24.

2004 - Swimmer James Gibson won Britain’s first gold medal in 28 years at the swimming World Championships, with victory in the men’s 50-metre breastroke.