What happened this week in history

Record-breaking swimmer Johnny Weissmuller EMN-140807-104025001
Record-breaking swimmer Johnny Weissmuller EMN-140807-104025001

1540 - King Henry VIII annulled his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.

1776 – George Washington ordered the Declaration of Independence to be read out loud to members of the Continental Army in New York, for the first time.

1872 - The doughnut-cutter was patented.

1877 - The first Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Championship was held. It was staged at the original site in Worple Road, Wimbledon.

1900 - The Commonwealth of Australia was established by the House of Commons.

1917 - British warship “Vanguard” exploded at Scapa Flow killing 804.

1922 - Eighteen year old Johnny Weissmuller swam the 100 metres freestyle in 58.6 seconds, breaking the world swimming record and the ‘minute barrier’.

1935 - Ivan the Terrible’s torture chamber was unearthed in Moscow.

1938 - 35 million gas masks were issued to Britain’s civilian population in anticipation of World War II.

1947 - The engagement of Princess Elizabeth and Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten was announced.

1973 - The Union Jack was lowered in the Bahamas, overlooking Nassau harbour, for the last time to signify the end of more than 300 years of British sovereignty.

1981 - Donkey Kong, a video game created by Nintendo, was released. The game marked the debut of Nintendo’s future mascot, Mario.

1982 - Margaret Thatcher began her second term as Prime Minster.

1984 - Lightning struck York Minster setting the roof alight and subsequently destroying the south transept.

1992 - Chris Patten was sworn in as the last Governor of Hong Kong.

1997 - Mike Tyson was banned from boxing, for biting Holyfield’s ear.

2000 - Pete Sampras won the Men’s Wimbledon Singles title - becoming the first man to win 13 Grand Slam titles.

2001 - Goran Ivanisevic won the Men’s Singles final at Wimbledon to become the first wild card entry in history to win the Championship, beating Pat Rafter.