1644 - Cromwell crushed the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor near York.
1865 - William Booth founded what was to become the Salvation Army, in London’s Whitechapel.
1881 - US President James A Garfield was shot and mortally wounded as he entered a railway station in Washington, DC. He died on September 19.
1900 - The Paris Metro underground system opened.
1924 - The government rejected the idea of a Channel Tunnel.
1928 - In Britain, women over the age of 21 were given the vote.
1937 - Amelia Earhart disappeared on the last half of her round-the-world flight from California.
1938 - Helen Willis Moody won a record eighth Wimbledon tennis title.
1941 - Noel Coward’s “Blithe Spirit,” premiered in London.
1947 - An object crashed near Roswell, New Mexico. The US Army Air Force insisted it was a weather balloon, but eyewitness accounts led to speculation it might have been an alien spacecraft.
1956 - Serious flooding hit Scotland after three inches of rain fell in 36 hours.
1964 - American President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Bill prohibiting racial discrimination.
1968 - Dr David Owen became the youngest member of government at the age of 30. He was named under secretary for the Navy.
1976 - North Vietnam and South Vietnam were reunited.
1985 - The Church of England approved the ordination of female deacons.
1990 - More than 1,000 Muslims were killed during a stampede in a pedestrian tunnel leading to the holy city of Mecca.
2001 - Barry George was sentenced to life imprisonment for killing television presenter Jill Dando. The conviction was quashed in 2007 and a retrial in 2008 found him not guilty.
2002 - Steve Fossett became the first person to travel the circumference of the globe in a hot air balloon on his own, without stopping.
2003 - Russian oil tycoon Roman Abramovich bough Chelsea Football Club.