1214 - John, King of England, landed an invasion force at La Rochelle in France.
1882 - The first shipment of frozen meat left New Zealand for England.
1903 - The first teddy bear went on sale, in America.
1923 - Greece became the last European country to adopt the Gregorian calendar.
1942 - World war II: Singapore fell to Japanese forces.
1952 - King George VI was buried in St George’s Chapel on his Windsor Castle estate.
1971 - Decimal currency was introduced across Britain.
1981 - English Football League matches were played on a Sunday for the first time.
1988 - Eddie ‘The Eagle’ Edwards finished 20 metres behind the rest of the field in the ski jump at the Calgary Winter Olympics.
1996 - The Liberian-registered tanker Sea Empress ran aground at the entrance to Milford Haven harbour in South Wales. More than 65,000 tons of crude oil leaked into the sea.
1998 - The operation to erect the 165ft Angel of the North began in Gateshead.