1306 - Robert the Bruce was crowned King of Scotland.
1584 - Sir Walter Raleigh was granted a patent to colonize Virginia.
1655 - Saturn’s largest moon, Titan, was discovered by Christiaan Huygens.
1807 - The British parliament abolished the slave trade.
1807 - The Swansea and Mumbles Railway, then known as the Oystermouth Railway, became the first passenger-carrying railway in the world.
1843 - A pedestrian tunnel was opened beneath the River Thames, linking Wapping with Rotherhithe.
1876 - In he first football international, between Wales and Scotland, Scotland won 4-0.
1901 - The first diesel motor went on display in Britain.
1949 - ‘Hamlet’ became the first British film to win an Academy Award for Best Picture.
1954 - Commercial television passed approval discussions in the House of Commons.
1957 - The European Common Market was formed, incorporating France, West Germany, Luxembourg, Italy, Belgium and Holland.
1960 - All black political organisations were banned in South Africa.
1964 - The Beatles made their first appearance on ‘Top of the Pops’ with ‘Can’t Buy Me Love’.
1969 - John Lennon and Yoko Ono took part in a week-long ‘Bed-In’ promoting world peace, at the Amsterdam Hilton, while on honeymoon.
1975 - King Faisal of Saudi Arabia was assassinated by a deranged kinsman, his nephew Prince Faisal Ibu Musaed, who was executed three months later for regicide.
1978 - Oxford won the boat race after Cambridge sank a mile from home.
1996 - Emma Thompson became the first person to win Oscars for both acting and writing, when she won the award for Best Adapted Screenplay for ‘Sense and Sensibility’.
1997 - The Vatican launched their internet site.
1997 - The British Film ‘The English Patient’ won nine Oscars at the Academy Award ceremony in Hollywood.