This week in history

Rap singer and actress Queen Latifah celebrates her 45th birthday this week EMN-151003-125557001
Rap singer and actress Queen Latifah celebrates her 45th birthday this week EMN-151003-125557001
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1662 - The first public bus service began operating, in Paris.

1745 - Robert Walpole, Britain’s first Prime Minister, died at the age of 69.

1834 - Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, were transported to Australia for forming a trade union.

1891 - The London-Paris telephone link came into operation.

1900 - Dutch football club Ajax was formed.

1913 - King George I of Greece was assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.

1915 - At the Battle of Gallipoli, three battleships were sunk during a failed British and French naval attack on the Dardanelles.

1922 - In India, Ghandi was sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience.

1925 - Fire melted two floors of Madame Tussaud’s waxworks.

1931 - The first electric razors were manufactured in America.

1940 - Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini met at the Brenner Pass in the Alps and agreed to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.

1947 - Prince Philip of Greece was made a naturalised Briton.

1959 - EMI announced they had ceased to produce 78rpm records.

1965 - Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov made the first ‘walk’ in space. He left his Voskhod 2 capsule and remained outside the spacecraft for 20 minutes, secured by a tether.

1967 - The supertanker Torrey Canyon ran aground off the Cornish coast, leaking its cargo of oil into the sea. Up to 70 miles (113km) of beaches were seriously contaminated.

1980 At Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia, 50 people were killed by an explosion of a Vostok-2M rocket on its launch pad during a fuelling operation.

1992 - In a national referendum, white South Africans vote overwhelmingly in favour of ending the racist policy of Apartheid.

2000 - Mo Mowlam received a major American peace prize for her work in the Northern Ireland peace process.