This week in history

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1461 - War of the Roses: Henry VI was deposed by his House of York cousin, who then 
became King Edward IV.

1681 - Charles II granted a land charter to William Penn for the area which later became Pennsylvania.

1861 - Abraham Lincoln was sworn in as the 16th American President.

1861 - The first national flag of the Confederate States of America (the “Stars and Bars”) was adopted.

1877 - The Russian Imperial Ballet staged the first performance of Swan Lake, in Moscow.

1882 - Britain’s first electric trams came into operation, in London’s Leytonstone.

1890 - The Forth Railway Bridge - the longest bridge in Great Britain - was officially opened by the Prince of Wales, later Edward VII.

1913 - Woodrow Wilson became the 28th American President.

1924 - ‘Happy Birthday’ was published for the first time.

1929 - Herbert Hoover became American president.

1933 - Franklin D Roosevelt was sworn in as president, amidst financial turmoil.

1943 - The Battle of the Bismarck Sea in the South West Pacific came to an end.

1945 - Finland declared war on Nazi Germany (the Lapland War).

1962 - Malta became independent.

1965 - David Attenborough was appointed Head of BBC2.

1966 - John Lennon told a reporter form the London Evening Standard the Beatles were ‘more popular than Jesus Christ right now’.

1968 - Tennis authorities voted to admit professional players to Wimbledon. It was previously only open to amateur players.

1974 - Edward Heath resigned as Prime Minister.

1976 - The Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention was formally dissolved in Northern Ireland resulting in direct rule from London.

1980 - Nationalist leader Robert Mugabe won a sweeping election victory to become Zimbabwe’s first black prime minister.

1999 - The Millennium Dome went on sale for £1 
billion - almost a year before it was due to open.