This week in history

Nicolas Cage EMN-141229-150158001
Nicolas Cage EMN-141229-150158001

1450 - Glasgow University was founded.

1536 - Catherine of Aragon, first wife of Henry VIII, died aged 50 at Kimbolton Castle in Cambridgeshire.

1558 - Calais, the last English possession on mainland France, was recaptured by the French.

1610 - Italian astronomer Galileo discovered Jupiter’s four satellites, naming then Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto.

1785 - Jean-Pierre Blanchard and Dr John Jeffries made the first air crossing of the English Channel. They used a hot-air balloon.

1785 - The London-New York telephone service began operating. A three-minute call cost £15.

1797 - The modern Italian flag was first used.

1890 - W B Purvis patented the fountain pen.

1904 - The international distress signal, CQD, was adopted. Two years later, it was replaced with SOS.

1914 - First steamboat passed through Panama Canal

1915 - Windsor Castle was cut off by floods. Milk and post were delivered by punt.

1926 - Television inventor John Logie Baird gave the first demonstration of television to the press, at 23 Frith Street in Soho.

1927 - The Harlem Globetrotters basketball team was founded.

1949 - First photo of genes was taken at the University of South California, by Pease and Baker.

1955 - Marian Anderson became the first African American to perform at America’s Metropolitan Opera House.

1965 - Ronnie and Reggie Kray were remanded in custody on a charge of demanding money with menaces.

1973 - Hitler’s car was sold for $153,000 at and Arizona auction.

1989 - Prince Akihito was sworn in as the emperor of Japan after the death of his father Hirohito.

1990 - Because of its accelerated rate of leaning, The Leaning Tower of Pisa was closed to the public for the first time in its history amid safety fears.

1999 - Prince Charles won the Beat Fopp Cowbell Marathon Derby - after skiing 42 miles in six and a half hours.